La Privacy e Cybersec per le aziende
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   documento 2023-02-02 ·  NEW:   Appunta · Stampa · pdf

Statement before the European Parliament hearing on "Spyware used in third countries and implications for EU foreign relations"


Documento annotato il 02.02.2023 Fonte: GPDP


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PI Opening Statement at PEGA Hearing on "Spyware used in third countries and implications for EU foreign relations"

Thank you very much for offering me the opportunity to give evidence before this Committee for another time on behalf of privacy International (or PI) – a London-based non-profit that researches and advocates globally against government and corporate abuses of data and technology.

My opening statement will first briefly touch on the EU foreign policy’s priorities. I will then focus on EU’s role in tranferring surveillance capabilities to third countries. I will there outline our concerns and observations regarding those trasfers and conclude with key recommendations by PI that seek to assist this Committee in strengthening the rule of law and upholding the rights of millions of individuals living in the EU and beyond.

Respect for human rights and dignity – together with the principles of freedom, democracy, equality and the rule of law – are values common to all European Union (EU) countries. They also guide the EU’s action both inside and outside its borders.

The European Union’s global strategy for foreign and security policy has set out five broad priorities, among which there is a commitment to “Rules-based global governance”. In particular, “the EU is committed to a global order based on international law, which ensures human rights…”. The common policy commits to systematically mainstreaming human rights and gender issues across policy sectors and institutions “and to champion their indivisibility and universality.”

This commitment underpins every activity including the security and defence priorities, where the EU has committed to “develop human rights-compliant anti-terrorism cooperation with [among others] North Africa, the Middle East, the Western Balkans and Turkey”.

The EU foreign policy plays a key role in supporting the rule of law, democratisation, and human rights protection around the world. Yet we are concerned that certain EU practices seem to undermine the same core rules and values they have committed to promote and champion.

Specifically, we are gravely concerned about the activities carried out by the European Commission, as well as, most notably, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training (CEPOL) and the European External Action Service (EEAS), which relate to the transfer of surveillance capabilities to authorities of non-EU countries.

This surveillance support from several EU bodies and institutions includes direct transfer of surveillance equipment to third countries; training of third country intelligence and security forces; financing of their operations and procurement; facilitating of exports of surveillance equipment by industry and promoting legislation which enables surveillance.

These transfers include transfers of Spyware and hacking capabilities, which can be used not only against human rights defenders, journalists, and others, but across borders against people in EU countries as well as EU diplomats.

We know this as a result of a long and extensive access to documents process that privacy International has undertaken since 2019. These documents reveal a far more worrying picture of what the EU institutions and its member-states contribute to.

For example, documentation of a training session provided by the national police force of Spain with EU support, to the police, security, and intelligence authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina on financial investigations revealed the promotion of the use of malware or computer trojans – that is software used to hack into devices to extract data and take control of functions such as the camera and microphone, and that is sold on the open market by companies such as NSO Group. 


Testo del 2023-02-02 Fonte: GPDP


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