Chinese Privacy Law: Il testo completo tradotto in inglese (per motivi linguistici) da Microsoft
Ne raccomando la lettura: il testo del legislatore cinese contiene metodo, finalità e criteri stimolanti.
- ^ Chapter 1 General
- Chapter II Rules for the Processing of Personal Information
- Section I General Provisions
- Section II Rules for the Processing of Sensitive Personal Information
- Section III Special provisions for the processing of personal information by state organs
- Chapter III Rules for the Cross-Border Provision of Personal Information
- Chapter 4 The rights of individuals in the processing of personal information
- Chapter V The obligations of the person handling the personal information
- Chapter 6 Departments that perform the duties of protecting personal information
- Chapter 7 Legal Responsibility
- Chapter 8 By-laws
I primi 12 articoli (testo completo al link)
^ Chapter 1 General
^ Article 1 This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution in order to protect the rights and interests of personal information, regulate the processing of personal information and promote the rational use of personal information.
^ Article 2 The personal information of natural persons shall be protected by law, and no organization or individual may infringe upon the rights and interests of natural persons.
^ Article 3 This Law shall apply to the processing of personal information of natural persons within the territory of the People's Republic of China.
This Law shall also apply to the processing of personal information of natural persons outside the People's Republic of China in one of the following circumstances:
(1) for the purpose of providing products or services to natural persons in China;
(2) Analyzing and evaluating the conduct of natural persons in the territory;
(3) Other circumstances as prescribed by laws and administrative regulations.
^ Article 4 Personal information is information recorded electronically or otherwise in relation to identified or identifiable natural persons, excluding information after anonymization.
The processing of personal information includes the collection, storage, use, processing, transmission, provision, disclosure, deletion of personal information, etc.
^ Article 5 Personal information shall be handled in accordance with the principles of legality, legitimacy, necessity and good faith, and personal information shall not be processed through misleading, fraudulent or coercive means.
^ Article 6 The processing of personal information shall have a clear and reasonable purpose and shall be directly related to the purpose of processing, in a manner that has minimal impact on the rights and interests of individuals.
The collection of personal information shall be limited to the minimum extent for which it is processed and no excessive collection of personal information shall be permitted.
^ Article 7 The handling of personal information shall follow the principle of openness and transparency, disclose the rules for the processing of personal information, and express the purpose, manner and scope of processing.
^ Article 8 The handling of personal information shall ensure the quality of personal information and avoid adverse effects on the rights and interests of individuals due to inaccurate and incomplete personal information.
^ Article 9 The person handling personal information shall be responsible for the processing activities of his personal information and take necessary measures to ensure the security of the personal information processed.
^ Article 10 No organization or individual may illegally collect, use, process or transmit personal information of others, illegally trade in, provide or disclose personal information of others, or engage in the processing of personal information that endangers national security or the public interest.
^ Article 11 The State shall establish and improve the system for the protection of personal information, prevent and punish acts that infringe upon the rights and interests of personal information, strengthen publicity and education on the protection of personal information, and promote the formation of a favorable environment for governments, enterprises, relevant social organizations and the public to participate in the protection of personal information.
^ Article 12 The State shall actively participate in the formulation of international rules for the protection of personal information, promote international exchanges and cooperation in the protection of personal information, and promote mutual recognition of rules and standards for the protection of personal information with other countries, regions and international organizations.