Negli States va di moda chiedere la password di facebook, twitter, etc etc ai dipendenti e agli studenti.
E' qualcosa che va oltre la nostra nozione di corrispondenza privata e di riservatezza della vita privata.
Qualcosa si muove anche da loro: si sta limitando per legge, in California, la possibilità di chiedere i dati di accesso ai profili personali dei dipendenti.
"Assembly Bill 1844 (Campos) and Senate Bill 1349 (Yee) prohibit universities and employers from requiring that applicants give up their email or social media account passwords" gov.ca.gov
Per le scuole curiosamente c'è molta più tutela: esse hanno il terrore di essere screditate online, si legge nelle numerose policy che ho raccolto su legalgeek, ed il testo conferma che le scuole possono far valere i loro legittimi diritti. Potrebbero persino investigare, e chiedere volontariamente (?) allo studente di collaborare alle investigazioni. Chiedere ma non imporre, sembra dedursi dal testo.
Viene anche imposto di pubblicare le policy in materia sul web.
Una situazione molto interessante da seguire.
I testi sono qui disponibili:
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: SECTION 1. Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 980) is added to Part 3 of Division 2 of the Labor Code, to read: CHAPTER 2.5. EMPLOYER USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA 980. (a) As used in this chapter, "social media" means an electronic service or account, or electronic content, including, but not limited to, videos, still photographs, blogs, video blogs, podcasts, instant and text messages, email, online services or accounts, or Internet Web site profiles or locations. (b) An employer shall not require or request an employee or applicant for employment to do any of the following: (1) Disclose a username or password for the purpose of accessing personal social media. (2) Access personal social media in the presence of the employer. (3) Divulge any personal social media, except as provided in subdivision (c). (c) Nothing in this section shall affect an employer's existing rights and obligations to request an employee to divulge personal social media reasonably believed to be relevant to an investigation of allegations of employee misconduct or employee violation of applicable laws and regulations, provided that the social media is used solely for purposes of that investigation or a related proceeding. (d) Nothing in this section precludes an employer from requiring or requesting an employee to disclose a username, password, or other method for the purpose of accessing an employer-issued electronic device. (e) An employer shall not discharge, discipline, threaten to discharge or discipline, or otherwise retaliate against an employee or applicant for not complying with a request or demand by the employer that violates this section. However, this section does not prohibit an employer from terminating or otherwise taking an adverse action against an employee or applicant if otherwise permitted by law. SEC. 2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Labor Commissioner, who is Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement, is not required to investigate or determine any violation of this act.